Category: European History

Read e-book online The Life and After-Life of St John of Beverley: The PDF

By Susan E. Wilson

ISBN-10: 0754653269

ISBN-13: 9780754653264

This represents the 1st research dedicated to the lifestyles and after-life of St John of Beverley. John was once bishop of Hexham after which York, and then he retired to his personal monastery in Beverley and was once buried there in 721. His cult used to be fast demonstrated and unfold to draw pilgrims from all around the British Isles, or even Europe. It was once additionally confirmed in Brittany by means of the 10th century, particularly within the city of Saint-Jean-Brévelay, that's named after him. the nice fiscal wealth of Beverley within the heart a long time was once mostly because of it being an incredible ecclesiastical centre concentrated round John's relics. His attractiveness as a strong saint used to be harnessed not just to guard Beverley and the encircling components and to provide succour to pilgrims to his shrine, but in addition to extra the objectives of successive kings of britain to the level that Henry V raised him to the prestige of a customer saint of britain following the conflict of Agincourt, which used to be fought at the banquet day of St John's translation. The hagiographic works on John expand over approximately 600 years from that written via Bede c. 731, the Vita Sancti Johannis composed by means of a monk referred to as Folcard c. 1066, then 4 separate collections of autopsy miracle tales of the eleventh-thirteenth centuries, and a couple of miracles recorded within the fourteenth and 15th centuries. This span is bigger even than the hagiography in terms of St Benedict, which were believed to hide extra years than the other assortment in Europe. Dr Wilson makes use of those resources as a distinct chance to envision the ways that an Anglo-Saxon saint was once promoted over an extended time period by way of diverse hagiographers, and the way the saint was once constantly re-created within the photograph which the hagiographers or his group required, reckoning on their present wishes and perceptions. the quantity additionally contains the 1st English translations of the lifestyles and the miracle stories.

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Download e-book for kindle: Monsters by Trade: Slave Traffickers in Modern Spanish by Lisa Surwillo

By Lisa Surwillo

ISBN-10: 0804788790

ISBN-13: 9780804788793

Transatlantic reviews have all started to discover the lasting impact of Spain on its former colonies and the surviving ties among the yankee international locations and Spain. In Monsters via Trade, Lisa Surwillo takes a distinct procedure, explaining how sleek Spain was once actually made via its Cuban colony. lengthy after the transatlantic slave exchange were abolished, Spain persisted to smuggle millions of Africans each year to Cuba to paintings the sugar plantations. approximately a 3rd of the royal source of revenue got here from Cuban sugar, and those earnings underwrote Spain's modernization at the same time they broken its foreign standing.
Surwillo analyzes a sampling of nineteenth-century Spanish literary works that mirrored metropolitan fears of the carry that slave investors (and the slave financial system extra ordinarily) had over the political, cultural, and monetary networks of strength. She additionally examines how the nineteenth-century empire and the position of the slave dealer are honored in modern tourism and literature in quite a few areas in Northern Spain. this is often the 1st ebook to illustrate the centrality of not only Cuba, however the illicit transatlantic slave exchange to the cultural lifetime of smooth Spain.

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Nancy R. Reagin's A German Women's Movement: Class and Gender in Hanover, PDF

By Nancy R. Reagin

ISBN-10: 0807822108

ISBN-13: 9780807822104

ISBN-10: 0807845256

ISBN-13: 9780807845257

Nancy Reagin analyzes the rhetoric, techniques, and courses of greater than 80 bourgeois women's institutions in Hanover, a wide provincial capital, from the Imperial interval to the Nazi seizure of energy. She examines the social and demographic foundations of the Hanoverian women's move, interweaving neighborhood historical past with advancements at the nationwide point. utilizing the German event as a case learn, Reagin explores the hyperlinks among political conservatism and a feminist schedule according to a trust in innate gender differences.

Reagin's research features a big range of women's organizations--feminist, nationalist, non secular, philanthropic, political, undefined. It makes a speciality of the ways that bourgeois women's type historical past and political socialization, and their aid of the assumption of 'spiritual motherhood,' mixed inside of an antidemocratic weather to provide a conservative, maternalist method of women's matters and different political concerns. in accordance with Reagin, the truth that the women's circulate developed during this manner is helping to provide an explanation for why such a lot of middle-class girls came across nationwide Socialism appealing.

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Bastian Hagmaier's The influence of religious beliefs on long-term economic PDF

By Bastian Hagmaier

ISBN-10: 3656866732

ISBN-13: 9783656866732

Seminar paper from the yr 2013 within the topic heritage Europe - different international locations - heart a while, Early smooth Age, grade: 1,3, Leuphana Universität Lüneburg, direction: the 2 aspects of the Coin-Economics and Ethics in Anglo-American Writing, language: English, summary: This ancient research will research the impression that spiritual ideals have on long term monetary advancements, that are proven utilizing the instance of Europe on the top of the Renaissance and on its method in the direction of Industrialisation, among 1500 and 1750. This dating could be tested at the foundation of 2 particular towns, the as a rule catholic French capital, Paris, and the Protestant English urban London.

During this time, the complete of Europe was once present process large alterations in all dimensions of society. The protestant reformation all started within the sixteenth century, speedy via the basis of the Church of britain which then additionally leads over to the English reformation. just a couple of a long time later the Thirty Years battle broke out in Germany in addition to the English Civil warfare occurring in the midst of the seventeenth century. One major indicator of this new path of improvement are the emerging and falling wages throughout all international locations. whereas lots of the conventional catholic southern international locations pass in a part of regression, such a lot protestant towns are flourishing and gaining increasingly more significance. This ends up in the purpose of score faith during this process.

The spiritual team a society belongs to affects their person behaviour. in accordance with Weber’s “Protestant Ethic” being of protestant trust is a bonus in comparison to catholic ethics, specifically by way of financial improvement. This dependence is analysed in line with significant towns Paris and London as they either have fairly a excessive inhabitants in addition to remarkably assorted evolution in this time.

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Read e-book online Modern Hungers: Food and Power in Twentieth-Century Germany PDF

By Alice Weinreb

ISBN-10: 019060509X

ISBN-13: 9780190605094

in the course of international struggle I and II, smooth states for the 1st time experimented with feeding--and starving--entire populations. in the new globalizing economic climate, meals grew to become in detail intertwined with waging conflict, and hunger claimed extra lives than the other weapon. As Alice Weinreb exhibits in Modern Hungers, nowhere was once this new fact extra major than in Germany, which struggled via nutrition blockades, agricultural crises, fiscal depressions, and wartime destruction and career whilst that it asserted itself as an army, cultural, and monetary powerhouse of Europe.

The finish of armed clash in 1945 didn't suggest the tip of those army options related to nutrients. Fears of starvation and fantasies of abundance have been as a substitute reframed inside a brand new chilly conflict international. in the course of the postwar a long time, Europeans lived longer, possessed extra items, and have been fitter than ever ahead of. This shift used to be signaled such a lot sincerely via the disappearance of famine from the continent. So strong used to be the event of post-1945 abundance that it truly is demanding at the present time to visualize a time while the threat of starvation haunted Europe, demographers feared that malnutrition might suggest the top of complete international locations, and the first goals for American nutrition relief have been Belgium and Germany instead of Africa. but less than either capitalism and communism, financial development in addition to social and political priorities proved inseparable from the trendy meals system.

Drawing on resources starting from army documents to cookbooks to monetary and dietary experiences from a mess of documents, Modern Hungers reveals similarities and notable ruptures in well known event and kingdom coverage with regards to the commercial meals financial system. In so doing, it bargains ancient viewpoint on modern matters starting from humanitarian meals relief to the gender-wage hole to the weight problems epidemic.

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The Medieval City State: An Essay on Tyranny and Federation by M.V. Clarke PDF

By M.V. Clarke

ISBN-10: 113818621X

ISBN-13: 9781138186217

ISBN-10: 1138186228

ISBN-13: 9781138186224

In Clarke’s essay The Medieval urban State, she argues that the usual governmental department is among significant and localised governments. during this learn, she makes a speciality of the assumption of the town nation and native energy rather than absolutism within the center a while. initially released in 1926, this examine appears at difficulties that may come up with neighborhood energy and even if international locations resembling Italy, Germany and Switzerland benefited or have been harmed through their govt sort. This name might be of curiosity to scholars of history.

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Glenn Kurtz's Three Minutes in Poland: Discovering a Lost World in a 1938 PDF

By Glenn Kurtz

ISBN-10: 0374276773

ISBN-13: 9780374276775

ISBN-10: 0374535795

ISBN-13: 9780374535797

ISBN-10: 1511368683

ISBN-13: 9781511368681

When Glenn Kurtz stumbles upon an outdated kinfolk movie in his mom and dad' closet in Florida, he has no inkling of its old value or of the influence it's going to have on his lifestyles. The movie, shot in the past by means of his grandfather on a sightseeing journey to Europe, contains shaky photos of Paris and the Swiss Alps, with somebody necessarily waving on the digicam. Astonishingly, David Kurtz additionally captured on colour 16mm movie the one identified relocating photos of the thriving, predominantly Jewish city of Nasielsk, Poland, almost immediately sooner than the community's destruction. "Blissfully ignorant of the disaster that lay simply ahead," he simply occurred to go to his birthplace in 1938, a yr prior to the Nazi career. Of the town's 3 thousand Jewish population, fewer than 100 could survive.
Glenn Kurtz quick acknowledges the short photos as an important hyperlink in a misplaced background. "The longer I spent with my grandfather's film," he writes, "the richer and extra fragmentary its photographs became." each photograph, each face, used to be a secret that would be solved. quickly he's swept up in a striking trip to benefit every little thing he can approximately those humans. After restoring the movie, which had gotten smaller and propelled around the usa; to Canada, England, Poland, and Israel; and into files, basements, cemeteries, or even an irrigation ditch at an deserted Luftwaffe airfield as he appears for shards of Nasielsk's Jewish history.
sooner or later, Kurtz hears from a tender lady who had watched the video at the Holocaust Museum's web site. because the digital camera panned around the faces of youngsters, she famous her grandfather as a thirteen-year-old boy. Moszek Tuchendler of Nasielsk used to be now eighty-six-year-old Maurice Chandler of Florida, and whilst Kurtz meets him, the misplaced heritage of Nasielsk comes into view. Chandler's laser-sharp memories create a bridge among worlds, and he is helping Kurtz finally find six extra survivors, together with a ninety-six-year-old girl who additionally seems to be within the movie, status subsequent to the guy she might later marry.
Painstakingly assembled from interviews, images, files, and artifacts, Three mins in Poland tells the wealthy, harrowing, and unusually intertwined tales of those seven survivors and their Polish fatherland. "I started to seize fleeting glimpses of the residing town," Kurtz writes, "a cruelly slender pattern of its relationships, contradictions, scandals." initially a shuttle keepsake, David Kurtz's domestic motion picture turned an important list of a colourful city near to extinction. From this short movie, Glenn Kurtz creates a poignant but unsentimental exploration of reminiscence, loss, and inconceivable survival—a monument to a misplaced world.

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Heróis e maravilhas da Idade Média (Portuguese Edition) by Jacques Le Goff PDF

By Jacques Le Goff

ISBN-10: 8532639216

ISBN-13: 9788532639219

Neste livro, Jacques Le Goff explora o imaginário medieval através de seus dois componentes supremos: de um lado, os herois, como Carlos Magno, El Cid, o rei Artur, Rolando, a papisa Joana, Robin Hood, sem esquecer a fada Melusina e o mago Merlin, bem como a raposa e o unicórnio e, de outro, as maravilhas, três edifícios que dominam a sociedade - a catedral, o castelo e o claustro.

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Read e-book online The Martyred Inquisitor: The Life and Cult of Peter of PDF

By Donald Prudlo

ISBN-10: 075466256X

ISBN-13: 9780754662563

Peter Martyr used to be one of many relevant Dominican saints of the 13th century, at times eclipsing Dominic himself. Born in Verona round 1206 to these with Cathar sympathies, he turned a convert to Catholicism. As one of many first generations of Dominicans, he represents features in their primitive historical past either as a spellbinding preacher and as one of many earliest and most famed papal inquisitors. In 1252, almost immediately after his reliable appointment to the publish of inquisitor for Lombardy, Peter used to be assassinated by the hands of a cabal of Milanese heretics. that there's no sleek monograph on Peter represents a substantial lacuna within the research of medieval saints. This paintings for that reason fills a crucial hole, in either 13th century hagiographical reports, and stories of the interrelationship of heresy and imperial politics within the mid-thirteenth century. the 1st 1/2 the booklet is a scientific examine of the phases within the lifestyles, miracles and posthumous cult of Peter of Verona. half One bargains with many debatable problems with Peter's existence, resembling his position within the development of the Dominican order and comparable confraternities in Lombardy and Tuscany, his prestige as papal inquisitor and his preaching. half explores the cult of Peter Martyr. The short time which elapsed among loss of life and canonization makes Peter Martyr an extremely fascinating case within the box of cult learn as for him, existence led instantly to cult: a cult ruled via those that knew him in my opinion. the second one 1/2 the publication is a translation into English of the key fundamental assets bearing on Peter. those might be of curiosity to scholars of papal canonization, the Dominican order, the Inquisition, hagiography, and native history.

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Download e-book for kindle: The House at Ujazdowskie 16: Jewish Families in Warsaw after by Karen Auerbach

By Karen Auerbach

ISBN-10: 0253009073

ISBN-13: 9780253009074

In a turn-of-the-century, as soon as dependent construction at sixteen Ujazdowskie road within the middle of Warsaw, 10 Jewish households all started reconstructing their lives after the Holocaust. whereas so much surviving Polish Jews have been making their houses in new nations, those households rebuilt at the rubble of the Polish capital and created new groups as they sought to distance themselves from the reminiscence of a painful previous. in line with interviews with family, extensive study in data, and the households' own papers and correspondence, Karen Auerbach offers an engrossing tale of loss and rebirth, political religion and disillusionment, and the endurance of Jewishness.

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